A police officer, just like any civilian, can be punished for breaking the law or can be brought up on disciplinary action for failure to perform his duty or an abuse of power.
If an officer breaks the law or commits a crime then he can be arrested, brought before the courts and tried just like anyone else.
If it is reported (by a citizen or peer) that he has been rude, behaved badly, abused his power or failed to do his duty, then a senior officers can punish him by giving him a warning, cutting his pay, reducing his rank, suspending him or transferring him.
If a very serious allegation is made and found to be true against a police officer, he can be discharged of his duty and removed from the force.
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