The Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, segregates all the offences listed in the Indian Penal Code (IPC) in to ‘cognisable‘ and ‘non-cognisable ’crimes.

Non-Cognisable crimes are the pettier offences like cheating, fraud, forgery, bigamy or creating a public nuisance.  These are crimes that do not necessitate an immediate action or response from the police. Investigation on cases of non-cognisable crimes begin only after a magistrate has taken the complaint on record and directs the police to start on the case.

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