Know your Police

What are the limitations of an FIR?

An FIR can only be filed for a cognisable crime.In the event someone is trying to file an FIR for a crime that falls in the non-cognisable category it is the duty of the police to listen to them, enter the matter in their daily register or dairy, give the person a signed copy of the entry made (as proof of the matter being recorded) and direct them to the closest or appropriate magistrate

What Happens Once An FIR Has Been Registered?

Once an FIR has been filed the police are legally bound to start investigating the case. The process of investigation includes, but is not limited to, collecting evidence, questioning witnesses,  inspecting the crime scene, forensic testing, recording statements and so on.  If the criminals are found, the police will make arrests

What is an Arrest Memo?

An Arrest Memo or ‘Memo of Arrest’ is a document that the police must file at the time of arrest or immediately on bringing the arrested person back to the police station. It acts as a safeguard against illegal detention by the police

What is different about a woman getting arrested?

No woman can be arrested between sunset and sunrise unless there are extraordinary reasons for doing so. Even then, special permission must be got in writing from a magistrate. A woman police officer must be present when the arrest is made.

Do I have to go to the police station when the police ask me?

No, not unless the police are arresting you.If the police want to question you about a crime that you might be witness to or are suspected having a part in then, they must summon you to the police station in writing.

If you are simply walking down the road or are at home, having committed no offence then the police cannot ask you to come with them without stating a solid reason and you are within your rights to refuse to go with them.