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WHAT IS ARTICLE 370?

Soon after the new PM came to power, a debate sparked off on Article 370 that saw heated exchanges among political heads in India. Here's an attempt to simply Article 370.

What does Article 370 signify?

Article 370 grants special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

Since the time of partition, Article 370 has been a part of the constitution which was introduced with the objective of giving space and autonomy (self-governance) to the government of the state which feels disconnected from both the countries fighting for it.

The article is a measure of safeguard that allows J&K to have its own constitution. Some issues lie with the Indian Government while others are matters dealt by the State Government.

For instance, according to Article 370, except for defense, foreign affairs, finance and communications, the Parliament needs the state government's agreement for applying all other laws.

The state's residents live under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to other Indians. As a result of this provision, Indian citizens from other states cannot purchase land or property in J&K.

The coming months should see how the ruling Government follows through with the debate on Article 370 and if an outcome that is favourable to J&K and the rest of India emerges.

*Source - TOI

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